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GCSE GEOGRAPHY EYJAFJALLAJOKULL CASE STUDY

This also has a huge impact on public institutions such as schools and businesses, particularly those who rely on air freight or those whose workers were stranded overseas. This means that many of the countries have great capacity to cope in terms of making predictions and preparing alternatives for companies and people stuck by the restrictions on air travel. The name is a description of the characteristics of the volcano, namely Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier. Notify me of new comments via email. The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. This site uses cookies. You are commenting using your WordPress.

This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine. It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. This area is therefore incredibly vulnerable to this sort of activity, but weather conditions made the effects of the ash must worse. This event was therefore tracked and prepared for, and the ash cloud was tracked by satellite by many nations. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. It was also categorised as both a fissure and explosive eruption.

That means that the countries affected by this hazard responded by themselves or collectively, and had the capacity to do so. This area is therefore incredibly vulnerable to this sort of activity, but weather conditions made the effects of the ash must worse. Finally, in legal and insurance terms the EU is well prepared.

gcse geography eyjafjallajokull case study

The European Commission permitted state aid to airlines affected however full compensation was not available. Notify me of new comments via email. It was also categorised as both a fissure and explosive eruption.

You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Dase weather radar on the southwest tip of the country showed the height of the ash plume, which is important for calculating the distribution of the ash.

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The eruption began on 20th March and ended 7 months later in Stidy Although the 1,m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland’s eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known.

Over 1 million flower stalks were unsold in the first two days and over 50, farmers were temporarily unemployed as their beans and peas could not be sold. Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind stuudy the ash southeast towards Europe: Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Their legal, technical and infrastructure systems can cope with hazards such as this eruption, even if there are economic impacts.

Although the ash cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles and substances.

gcse geography eyjafjallajokull case study

In addition, the EU has other transport mechanisms such as extensive road and motorway networks, rail networks including the Channel tunnel and boat networks which were particularly important for the transportation of food goods etc. This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine.

Here, convection currents are driving apart the North American plate moving West and the Eurasian Plate moving East along a constructive or divergent plate boundary.

Individual countries decided whether to ban flights or not. Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers.

Volcanoes – Revision 4 – KS3 Geography – BBC Bitesize

Before the eruption in the volcano is known to have erupted in, and The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude. Responses to the event. This also has a huge impact on public institutions such as schools and businesses, particularly those who rely on air freight or those whose workers were stranded overseas. This volcano erupts more often and is known to be more violent.

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GCSE CASE STUDY : Eyjafjallajökull – Volcanic Eruption | GCSE and A Level Geography Blog

This led to high-altitude wind circulation, it blew clockwise spreading the volcanic ash close to the South and East of Iceland at heights of up to 7,m. LEDCs were also badly affected, with Kenya being a great example. Britain had fine anticyclonic weather for a lot of the time that the Ash cloud existed. It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in eyjafjallamokull sea to the south west.

The major impact was Internationally however, as winds redistributed the ash that was pumped high into the atmosphere over Northern and western Europe and stopped flights from taking off.

Volcano case study: Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland Flashcards Preview

Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in eyjafjalajokull clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds. Animation of ash cloud spreading This also has a knock on effect on International flights globally as they could not land or take off from Europe.

It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep.

The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: