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Rocinha is so feared by police that they do not patrol on foot without guns. Street sellers are part of the informal or grey economy. The capital city is Nairobi. Trucks collecting rubbish – still a phenomenon here – whizz down the streets, and graders work on new roads, careful not to knock into the new street lights. But now we won’t catch diseases as often as we did before,” said Catherine Mueni, who has lived her for many years.

The favelas are eyesores and portray a poor image of the city. Kenya is an example of a low income country LIC. The only formal structure here is a recently built toilet. In Rocinha, self-help schemes have improved the area from slums to low quality housing where the majority of homes have basic services like electricity. Over 20 million people lived in Mumbai in , compared to less than 10 million in The government has provided materials such as bricks, cement and glass to enable residents to improve their own homes.

This involves replacing squatter settlement housing with high quality high-rise tower blocks of flats. Tourism has already reached a point of decline. Fifteen densely populated villages make up this slum. In Mumbai the squatter settlement of Dharavi is now home to over 1 million people.

kibera case study bbc

The dirty water can also pass easily,” one passer-by explains. The Kenyan government is now acting to try to halt the decline by: She hopes that soon collecting water from the dam will be a thing of that past, and she is looking forward to the days when she’ll have clean running water in her own house.


There is a wide gap in income between people living in the drought-prone north-eastern lowlands, the highlands to the south-west, the coastal strip and the slum dwellers in Nairobi.

Urban environments – Revision 11 – National 4 Geography – BBC Bitesize

National 4 Subjects National 4 Subjects up. The video below explores life in the favela of Rocinha. Many sit idle the whole day, often getting themselves into trouble with the police and hooked on drugs and alcohol.

The plan to improve Dharavi is called Vision Mumbai. Officials believe if the residents are directly involved in the bbv here, they will take pride in making sure that they are well maintained.

Charities help to improve sudy for people in shanty towns by providing money for self-help schemes. People are poor and cannot afford healthcare or medicines so illnesses go untreated. In HICs many people have formal jobs in which they have set hours, a monthly wage, healthy working conditions and they pay tax.

It seems that one of the most welcome additions has been flushing toilets. These are small scale projects which allow local people to use their skills to help improve their local area.

Previously, residents were using plastic bags which would then be thrown into the nearest river or even into the street. Ms Waiguru says her department plans to build communal toilet blocks here. Hot Property Daters explore the homes of potential suitors. This approach has lower cawe than Vision Mumbai and is more sustainable.


Kenya’s Kibera slum gets a revamp

Since the introduction of the slum renewal project some five months ago, more than 3, people have been employed. On average, the population density is about 37, people per square kilometre.

Kibera, the Kenyan slum infamous for its overcrowding, poverty and lack of sanitation, is getting a major revamp with some modern facilities. Ministry of devolution and planning. It has a population of over 46 million people.

kibera case study bbc

These studj external links and will open in a new window. There are not enough jobs to go around, so unemployment rates are high.

Overcrowding is a major problem in Rio’s favelas. Kenya is an example of a low-income country. Kenya has a hot climate and is located on the coast.

These are projects undertaken by the local authority to relocate residents from favelas. We’re in Mashimoni, home to mud huts and tin shacks. Brick houses are built with electricity, running water and sanitation pipes. The Developing Minds Foundation builds schools and supports education programmes in Rio’s favelas.